Founded: March 1, 1565
Population: 6.3 million (11.6 wider geographic area)
Altitude: 0 – 1,021m
State: Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is a city that was founded by the Portuguese in 1565. With 6,3 milion inhabitans, this is the sixth largest city in the America and 26th in the world. Rio has a typical tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. Summer heat reaches over 40 ° C. However, a large number of wetlands and proximity to hills and mountains make the summer bearable in Rio. Precipitations are frequent, especially in the summer months, when storms are possible, but without tropical cyclones. This city is located in the eponymous state, which is the third graded with population and economy, but only the 24th largest territory in Brazil, located in the southeast of Brazil, with the longest and most popular beach, with Baia and Maranhao as well.
The first thought about the city are heavenly beaches, carnivals, bossa nova, favelas, as well as football. What is the Eiffel Tower for Paris or Big Ben for London, the statue of Jesus on the Mount Corcovado is for Rio. There are also Sugarloaf Mountain with a cable car that goes up to its top, then Sambodrom, where the Carnival parade is held, as well as the Maracana stadium, one of the largest in the world. Although it is one of the world’s greatest cities, a significant percentage of the population living in poverty, which is a feature of most Brazilian cities. On the one hand, Rio is the second graded Brazilian city (Sao Paulo is the first) and the 30th in the world according to the height of the gross national product (GDP). On the other hand, poverty is most pronounced in favelas, which are economic, social and political margins of the city, also characteristical of crime and drug gangs. The coastline is 635 kilometers long and consists of the Guanabara Bay, Sepetiba and Ilha Grande. Some parts with its vegetation, lagoons, bays and tropical plants are a real paradise. Most of the territory consists of a plateau that turns into mountains exceed the height of meters separating Rio from Sao Paulo.
Of course, football is the most popular sport in Rio de Janeiro, with five major Brazilian clubs – Flamengo, Vasco da Gama, Botafogo, Fluminense and America. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazil, with six titles of national champion (1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1992, 2009) and three the Copa do Brasils (1990, 2006, 2013), but playing usually its games at Maracana stadium because its Gavea has a small capacity. They were also the winners of the Copa Libertadores (1981) and the Intercontinental Cup (1981). Vasco da Gama is the most popular club among the Portuguese population, since the club was founded by the Portuguese a century ago. So far, Vasco da Gama has been the champion of Brazil four times (1984, 1989, 1997, 2000), has won the Copa do Brasil once (2011), as well as the title at the world club championship (2000). Fluminense has also won four titles of the Brazilian champion (1970, 1984, 2010, 2012) as well as a Cup of Brazil (2007), and their stadium is one of the most famous in the world – Maracana. Botafogo, also known as „Great Fire“ (Fogão) and „The Lone Star“ (Estrela Solitária), is a club from the suburb of Rio with one of the most beautiful beaches, and has two titles ot the national champion (1968, 1995). America is the only football club in Rio, which does not have any title in Brazil.
Jornalista Estádio Mário Filho was built for teh World Cup 1950 in Brazil, the far better known today as the Maracana Stadium, as the largest in the world. Seven matches of this year World Cup will be played at this stadium, including the finals on July 13. For this championship, capacity of the stadium is reduced at 73.531. The matches of the World Cup 2014 which will be played at the stadium Maracana are:
Argentina – Bosnia and Herzegovina, June 15
Spain – Chile, June 18
Belgium – Russia, June 22
Ecuador – France, June 25
Last sixteen, 28 June
Quarter final, 4 July
Final, 13 July