Founded: March 26, 1772
Population: 1.5 (4.4 on wider geographical area)
State: Rio Grande do Sul
Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in Brazil and the one with by far the best standard. It is known for its wines and Italian cuisine because of the impact of Europeans who have settled it since the founding in the 18th century. Porto Alegre is the capital and largest city of the federal state of Brazil, and it is one of the biggest cultural, economic and political centers of Brazil. Porto Alegre is located on the eastern shore of Guaíba Lake, which connects five rivers forming the Lagoa dos Patos (Laguna of Ducks), where the largest ship in the world can sail. This is exactly what makes this city one of the largest ports in this part of the world, as well as major industrial and commercial center of Brazil. Here are the most noticeable differences in the seasons and daylight is present about ten hours per day in June. Due to the subtropical climate in Porto Alegre temperature in the summer are over 32 degrees Celsius. Humidity is high those days, which is why summer is very humid. On the other hand, winter is very mild, but with a lot of precipitations during whole season, developing often into a tropical storm. Industry and agriculture are the backbone of the economy of the area, and the leather industry and shoemaking are particularly developed. Most of the population of Porto Alegre consists of immigrants from Europe, mainly from Germany, Italy and Poland, which also impacted of the sport.
English and German immigrants founded the football club Gremio on September 15 in 1903, and brothers Henrique, José and Luis Poppe founded Gremio’s fiercest rival Internacional, six years later. Derby between the two clubs is one of the fiercest in Brazil and is known as the Gre-Nal derby. Internacional is one of five teams that have never been relegated to the second division, and it is dominant in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, winning even 43 titles, which is seven more than Gremio. At the national level, Internacional won three national titles (1975, 1976, 1979) and once the Cup of Brazil (1992), while on the international stage this club won the Club World Cup (2006), Copa Libertadores (2006.2010) and the Copa Sudamericana (2008). In addition to the 36 state championship titles, Gremio won the national championship of Brazil twice (1981, 1996), the Brazil Cup four times (1989, 1994, 1997, 2001) and one Super Cup (1990), while on the international stage they won the Intercontinental Cup (1983 ) and Copa Libertadores twice (1983, 1995). One of the most successful periods in the history of Gremio was at a time when the current coach of Brazil, Luiz Felipe Scolari sat on the bench of the club from Porto Alegre, 1993-1996. Also, one of the best players of all time Ronaldo de Assis Moreira, better known as Ronaldinho began his career at Gremio.
International’s Beira-Rio Stadium, the capacity of 56,000, will host five matches at this year’s World Cup:
France – Honduras, June 15
Australia – The Netherlands, June 18
South Korea – Algeria, June 22
Nigeria – Argentina, June 25
Quarter Final, June 30