Curitiba – place where pines grow

Founded: March 29, 1693
Population: 1.76 million (3.2 wider geographic area)
Altitude: 934 m
State: ‎ Paraná

Curitiba Brazil
Curitiba Brazil

Territory of one of 26 Brazil’s states, Paraná was created by separating the territory from the province of Sao Paulo in 1853, as a punishment for the support that Sao Paulo had provided to the rebellion against the Emperor. This state is located in the southern part of Brazil, located between the Atlantic and the river after which it was named. This is the most developed and most densely populated part of Brazil, and one of the best parts of South America to live. The population is largely originating from Eastern Europe, primarily it consists of Poles and Ukrainians, as well as Germans. In addition to developed automotive industry, pleasant climate has contributed to a large population. Favorable climate affected growing soybeans and coffee in the northern part of the Paraná.

Also See: Rio – city of football

Curitiba is the capital of the state of Paraná and a symbol of multiculturalism in the southern part of Brazil. People from all over the world live in this city, and regarding the number of people of Polish, Ukrainian, German, Japanese and Jewish descent Curitiba is among the top five cities in Brazil. Therefore, there are many monuments in Curitiba that mark the relationship of the citizens with their distant homeland. Otherwise, the name of the town derives from the language of indigenous peoples Tupi and means the place where the pines grow (Pine Nut Land). Good living conditions have caused a sudden increase in population and in the volume of industrial production in the last 35 years, but despite that the city authorities have been taking good environmental policy, so Curitiba has the lowest index of air pollution.

Also See: Porto Alegre – City of Brazilian Europeans

As for football in Curitiba, three clubs represent the city in the national championship of Brazil: Coritiba Foot Ball Club (CFBC) commonly known as Coritiba, Clube Atlético Paranaense and Paraná Clube. Coritiba is oldest football club in Curitiba, which was founded by Germans in 1909, and it has won one national championship of Brazil (1985) and 37 titles of the state champion until now. This club plays its home matches at Estádio Major Antônio Couto Pereira (shortened to Couto Pereira). The stadium was renovated in 2005, but because of smaller capacity (34,872) it won’t host the matches of the World Cup this year. Atlético Paranaense was formed in 1924 by merging two older clubs from the same city, Internacional-PR (1912) and América-PR (1914), and has grown into the most successful club of Curitiba lately. This club has won one title of the champion of Brazil (2001) and 22 titles of the state champion. At the international scene, they was finalist of the Copa Libertadores in 2005. They play at Estádio Joaquim Américo Guimarães, a former International’s stadium, which was demolished in 1997 and built a new stadium two years later, called Arena da Baixada. This stadium was renovated twice, in 2009 and in period 2012-2014 expanding the capacity to 43,900. Paraná is the youngest club among these three clubs from Curitiba, founded in 1989 by merging older clubs Esporte Clube Pinheiros, which was three times winner of the state championship, and Colorado Esporte Clube, which won one state championship. Their Vila Capanema stadium was host of the World Cup in 1950, but its current capacity (20,000) does not meet the requirements for this year’s World Cup.

Arena da Baixada Stadium
Arena da Baixada Stadium

Four World Cup matches will be played at Arena da Baixada, all four at the group stage of the tournament:

Iran – Nigeria, June 16
Honduras – Ecuador, 20 June
Australia – Spain, June 23
Algeria – Russia, June 26

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